A literal is a constant value. A literal may be a number or a text string.

The rules for using numeric literals are:

The rules for using text literals are:

Literals are encoded in UTF-16 (Unicode).

The following are some examples of literals:

"This is a text literal"
"ABC Company"
"Some ""quoted data"" to show use of a double double-quote."

Carriage return/line feeds cannot be within a quoted string. To use a carriage return/line feed the string must be broken into two strings with <CR><LF> between them. For example:

="username=?????" + "<CR><LF>" + "&password=?????"

will place the output username and password information on separate lines.

<CR><LF> must be within quotation marks.